European project InDIRECT by Biobased Industries Joint Undertaking
As an H2020 project, InDIRECT aims to contribute to the European milestone to ‘Manage waste as a resource’ and to accelerate the market of bio-based products. Specifically, InDIRECT will look into biorefinery as a direct or indirect means for waste recycling and reuse, as well as the development of new value chains to turn agricultural and similar side streams into marketable products. Feedstock used needs to be cheap and non-competing with food supply and enables to ‘close loops’ by using organic biomass side streams. The InDIRECT consortium has 9 partners: 2 EU research organisations, VITO and University of Parma, with 5 industrial partners (Nutrition Sciences, Millibeter, Improve, Chemstream, Proti-Farm), a non-profit organization for farmers (Innovatiesteunpunt) and Temperio (for dissemination support). VITO, Flemish Institute for Technological Research, coordinates the project. More information on VITO's website.
Wageningen Academic Publisher - The Journal of Insects as Food and Feed
The ‘Journal of Insects as Food and Feed’ is an online, peer-reviewed journal, issued four times a year, that started in 2015. The journal covers edible insects from harvesting in the wild through to industrial scale production. It publishes contributions to understanding the ecology and biology of edible insects and the factors that determine their abundance, the importance of food insects in people’s livelihoods, the value of ethno-entomological knowledge, and the role of technology transfer to assist people to utilise traditional knowledge to improve the value of insect foods in their lives. Subscription to ‘Journal of Insects as Food and Feed’ is either on an institutional or personal basis.
Check its latest issues on the Wageningen Academic Publishers' website.
FAO (2013) - Edible insects Future prospects for food and feed security
Trends towards 2050 predict a steady population increase to 9 billion people, forcing an increased food/feed output from available agro-ecosystems resulting in an even greater pressure on the environment. Scarcities of agricultural land, water, forest, fishery and biodiversity resources, as well as nutrients and non-renewable energy are foreseen.
EFSA (2015): Risk profile related to production and consumption of insects as food and feed
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) presents potential biological and chemical hazards as well as allergenicity and environmental hazards associated with farmed insects used as food and feed; taking into account of the entire chain, from farming to the final product. The opinion also addresses the occurrence of these hazards in non-processed insects, grown on different substrate categories, in comparison to the occurrence of these hazards in other non-processed sources of protein of animal origin.
FAO Factsheet (2013): The contribution of insects to food security, livelihoods and the enviornment.
This factsheet provides good background information on how insects contribute to alleviate global hunger and presents in a clear and consistent manner the main benefits of the use of insects as human food.
Arnold van Huis, Ben van Gup and Marcel Dicke (2014): The Insect Cookbook
In The Insect Cookbook, two entomologists and a chef make the case for insects as a sustainable source of protein for humans and a necessary part of our future diet. They provide consumers and chefs with the essential facts about insects for culinary use, with recipes simple enough to make at home yet boasting the international flair of the world's most chic dishes.